This transcription is accompanied by scans of all of the original pages. Footnotes are extensive, but have not been transcribed. Also eliminated were some of the superscript generation numbers. If you find the main text of the article difficult to follow, the footnotes are even more convoluted. However, all the genealogy information a researcher could wish for is included in these pages, along with pictures and illustrations.

Please remember that the scans are copyrighted 2004 by Susan White Pieroth. This material may be used in your personal research database, but it may not be published, including on another website, without specific permission. However, this is now available at Also of local interest is History of Suffolk County, New York, by W.W. Munsell & Co., 1882.

The document begins on page one of the issue.

Genealogical and Biographical Record.


{Revised and corrected from former articles in the Record, January, 1891.}

By Frederick Diodati-Thompson, LL.B.

Arms: Or on a fesse dancette azure three estoiles argent; on a canton of the second the sun of his splendor.
Crest: A cubit arm erect or vested gules, cuff argent, holding in the hand five ears of wheat proper. Motto: In Lumine lucem.
Frederick Diodati-Thompson
Frederick Diodati7 Thompson graduated LL.B. at Columbia College, was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court of the United States on motion of the then Attorney-General Benjamin H. Brewster; was Turkish Commissioner to the Chicago Exhibition (Honorary), and has been decorated by the Sultan with the orders of the Osmanlieh and the Medjidieh; author of "In the Track of the Sun," a book of travels, and many articles in magazines; is the present proprietor of Sagtikos Manor, Apple Tree Wicke; a member of the New York Historical Society, Long Island Historical Society, the Knickerbocker and Union Clubs, St. George's Society, Academy of Design, Fraternity of Delta Psi, Sons of the Revolution, Society of Colonial Wars, and a trustee of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, of which his was formerly Secretary. {footnote page 18}

There is, perhaps, no part of this country where exists at the present day so much conservatism in all things as on Long Island, and this is especially true of the easternmost part which is comprised in the county of Suffolk. The people there have always been thought to be "behind the age," they are so loath to change any of their customs or habits; and, indeed, until a few years ago, when the extravagant period subsequent to the civil war altered to some extent their primitive manners, they made no attempt to keep up with the times. At many places the shores are now studded with beautiful cottages for summer residents, and there have been erected club-houses for fishing, shooting, golf, and lawn tennis; but the new-comers copy the architecture of the past, investigate and inform themselves concerning the ancient history and traditions of Long Island, an so continue the old-fashioned tone and the true American ideas which have always existed there. The family names of the first settlers are still found in the different villages, and in many instances the same farms are held by persons whose ancestors lived there in the days of William and Mary, two hundred years ago. It is an unusual feature in this country where so little affection is felt for old homesteads, or indeed for anything old, for the spirit of progress destroys landmarks and obliterates the memories of the past. Suffolk County possessed in former times a landed aristocracy which took a leading part in local affairs, [page 2] and certain county families have always been regarded as superior by their neighbors, owing to their position and education. William Alfred Jones, in his valuable sketch of Long Island, says: "Suffolk County occupies nearly two-thirds of Long Island, and is the county of the so-called pine-barrens and sand, yet abounding in rich necks on both sides of the island, and teaming trout streams. It is the county of the great patents of the Nicolls, the Smiths (of St. George’s Manor and of Smithtown), the Gardiners (of the Manor of Gardiner’s Island), and Floyds (of Mastic), the Lawrences, the Thompsons (of Sagtikos Patent or Manor), the Lloyds, and other leading families—estates equal in extent to some of the great old North River manorial grants; as, for instance, the Nicoll Patent of originally one hundred square miles, Richard Smith’s Patent of Thirty thousand acres, Fisher’s Island (Winthrop’s Manor), Gardiner’s Island, Shelter Island, Manor of Lloyd’s Neck, and the Manor of Eaton’s Neck." The Thompsons have been, in local position and permanent respectability, one of the first families of this country. Their unchanged relative importance on Long Island, and their personal worth and character, have always been their chief pride. In the old records they were invariably designated as Mr., Gentleman, or Esquire, which then was unusual and had a special significance. They are descended—according to the historian of Long Island, Benjamin F.5 Thompson—from the Rev. William Thompson, a native of Winwicke, in Lancashire, England, of a family originally of Northumberland. He was born in 1597, graduated at Brasenose College, Oxford, 1619, removed to this country 1634, and died December 10, 1666.

John Thompson, {footnote} the ancestor of the Thompsons of the county of Suffolk, came to Asford, [Setauket] Long Island, in 1656, and with Colonel Richard Woodhull, Colonel Richard Floyd, and others, was one of the fifty-five original proprietors of the town of Brookhaven. By allotment of land and by purchase he became the owner of a large amount of real estate, which, on his death, he divided among his children. He married Hannah, daughter of Jonathan Brewster, son of Elder William Brewster, the most prominent of the band of Pilgrims who came over in the Mayflower, and sister of the Rev. Nathaniel Brewster, B.D. (born about 1620, died 1690), afterward the clergyman at Setauket, who graduated at Harvard College, 1642, in the first class, and was the first native-born person graduated in the New World. He went to England and took orders, and was settled at Alby, in Norfolk, for some years, but in 1662 returned to America and was minister of the First church in Boston, but settled finally at Brookhaven. Trinity College, Dublin, conferred on him the degree of Bachelor of Divinity. Brewster married Sarah Ludlow, daughter of the Worshipful Roger Ludlow, {footnote} a distinguished lawyer and deputy governor [page 3] of Massachusetts and Connecticut. His daughter, Hannah Brewster, afterward married her cousin, Samuel2 Thompson.

Thompson House, Setauket, 2004John Thompson, Esquire, resided near the public green, and was a refined and scholarly man, and held in high estimation by his fellow-townsmen, who frequently elected him to responsible town offices. He died October 14, 1688, leaving three sons, William, Anthony, and Samuel, and several daughters, one of whom, Elizabeth, married Job Smith, {footnote} son of Richard Smith, the patentee of Smithtown, who purchased the Indian grant of Lion Gardiner (Gardiner received this valuable tract of land as a recompense for having ransomed the daughter of the Sachem Wyandance. The deed to Lion Gardiner is in possession of the Long Island Historical Society). Smith made other purchases and procured a patent from Governor Nicolls in 1665, and from Governor Andros in 1677, and also a release from David Gardiner of the Lordship and Manor of Gardiner’s Island, confirming his father’s conveyance.

Samuel2 Thompson, the youngest son, born March 4, 1668, was a farmer. He married Hannah, daughter of Rev. Nathaniel Brewster, and widow of Job Muncy. Her mother, as has been stated, was a daughter of Roger Ludlow, a lawyer of high standing who was the framer of the first code of laws of the colony of Connecticut. She was [page 4] his cousin, born May 19, 1679, and died November 17, 1755. She received a very superior education for those times.

Samuel2 Thompson, {footnote} Esquire, was in all respects an exemplary person, a leading individual in the Presbyterian Church, a gentleman of rare accomplishments, and was said to have been a very handsome man; he frequently served in the office of trustee of the town. Mr. Thompson, with Colonel Henry Smith of St. George’s Manor, Colonel Richard Floyd, Justice Adam Smith, Selah Strong, and Jonathan Owen, were the commissioners that had charge of the erection of the new church in 1710. He died July 14, 1749, leaving two sons, Jonathan and Isaac, and five daughters: 1st, Susannah, born 1707, married Thomas Strong, who was born June 5, 1708; married about 1730. Their son, Judge Selah Strong4, born December 25, 1737, married November 9, 1760, Anna Smith, born April 14, 1740, daughter of William Henry Smith {footnote} and Margaret Lloyd. {footnote} Mrs. Anna Smith Strong died August 12, 1812, aged seventy-two. Judge Strong was a delegate to the Provincial Congress in 1775, captain in the army, State Senator, and first Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Suffolk County. He died at St. George’s Manor, July 4, 1815, aged seventy-seven.

2d, Mary, who married Daniel Smith
3d, Deborah, married Arthur Smith, who was an officer during the Revolutionary war, and was killed.
4th, Ruth, married Thomas Telford, a merchant of importance in New York.
5th, Sarah, married William Thompson3, son of William2 of Stonington, Conn.
Isaac, the youngest son, was lost in a vessel at sea, while on a voyage of pleasure.

Jonathan, the eldest son, remained at Setauket, and inherited the valuable real and personal estate of his father. Jonathan3 above named as born October 25, 1710, and married September 30, 1734, Mary Woodhull, {footnote} born April 11, 1711, daughter of Richard Woodhull, 3d. [page 5] She was a first cousin of the distinguished General Woodhull. (General Woodhull served as major under General Abercrombie at Ticonderoga and Crown Point, with Lieutenant-Colonel Bradstreet at the capture of Fort Frontenac, and in 1760 served as colonel of the 3d New York Provincials under General Amherst; was at the surrender of the Marquis de Vaudreuil which effected the final reduction of Canada. He afterwards had an important command in the Revolutionary army, and distinguished himself at the battle of Long Island, where he received a wound from which he never recovered. Being captured by a detachment of dragoons and the 71st Regiment of Foot, he was struck down by a loyalist officer after he had surrendered. His wife was Ruth, daughter of Nicoll Floyd, and sister of William Floyd who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He left one child, who married, 1st, Henry Nicoll, and 2d, General John Smith of Mastic.)

Jonathan3 Thompson, Esquire, was, like his father, a very extensive farmer and a justice of the peace for nearly forty years. He was a gentleman of great intelligence and prudence, a lover of peace and concord, and shared through life the esteem and confidence of all his fellow-citizens. His death occurred June 5, 1786, and that of his widow January 30, 1801. She was a person of literary acquirements, gentle disposition, and possessed a refined nature which justly endeared her to all her acquaintances. They had four sons and two daughters, viz.: Mary4, born November 25, 1735, married Thomas Smith, Esq., son of Edmund Smith of Smithtown, and died Mary 23, 1794, leaving only one child a daughter Anna who married Richard Floyd of Setauket, a descendant of Colonel Richard Floyd, {footnote} one of the fifty-five original settlers of Brookhaven, who [page 6] with Richard Woodhull, Esquire, and John Thompson, Esquire, were the principal persons in that settlement; Hannah4, daughter of Jonathan3 Thompson, born October 5, 1747, married Colonel Benajah Strong of Islip (his sister married, as his 2d wife, General William Floyd of Mastic) [page 7] –she died February 1, 1786, leaving children, Samuel, Nancy, Mary, Benajah, Elizabeth, and William; Nathan4, youngest son of Jonathan3, died in infancy; Jonathan4, third son of Jonathan3, born February 14, 1745, died unmarried September 14, 1773, on his passage from St. Eustatia to New York, where he had been on business; Isaac4, second son of Jonathan3, was born January 18, 1743; and Samuel4, {footnote} eldest son of Jonathan3, was born October 2, 1738. Jonathan3 Thompson purchased for his son {footnote} [page 8] Isaac4, in 1758, the estate on the south side of the island known as Sagtikos {footnote} Patent or Manor, on a neck of land called Appletree Wicke. For this beautiful property he paid £1,200 New York money, which sum he brought over from the north side in his saddle-bags on a handsome gray horse. The original charter or patent for this property, dated 1697, from King William the Third, signed by Colonel Benjamin Fletcher, then governor of New York, with the great seal of the province attached, is still in the possession of the family. The quit rent was one shilling a year in lieu [page 9] of all services whatever, Sagtikos Manor, Appletree Wicke, is at present the sole property of Frederick Diodati7 Thompson, he having purchased the rights of the other heirs in 1894. It is a fine estate of twelve hundred and six acres, being a narrow strip of land about eight miles long. Judge Isaac4 Thompson {footnote} died here January 30, 1816. He had been a magistrate for more than forty years, a judge of the Court of Common Pleas, and a representative of the County of Suffolk in the Assembly in 1795. He was a man of sincere piety and the strictest integrity. His manners were mild, elegant, and courteous, and in the discharge of all his official duties he manifested sound judgment united with firmness and impartiality.

Judge Thompson was active during the Revolutionary war in organizing the militia and was chairman of the Islip committee. He wrote several letters to the Continental Congress in relation to affairs on Long Island. Dr. Samuel4 Thompson of Setauket was also one of the principal men of Brookhaven engaged in providing means of defence against the anticipated invasion of the British troops. February 15, 1776, he sent an important letter to Congress enclosing maps of the harbors, descriptions of the beaches, etc. He recommended the erection of a fort near Setauket to have an armament of six or eight guns, and another at Stony Book to have two six or nine pounders. He also wished a capable gunsmith sent to them.

In 1777 more than three hundred light horse, on their was east, bivouacked for the night on the estate of Judge Thompson, and made, as usual, free use of his property. The commanding officers, among whom was Sir Henry Clinton, in their tours of the island, frequently stayed at Sagtikos. On one occasion the house was assaulted in the night by some British sailors belonging to a vessel of war, and Judge Thompson was himself dragged by a rope around his neck across the highway, and threatened with death, but was saved by one of their number saying that, as he was a magistrate under the king, they should not hang him. He was also fired at while going up-stairs in his house, but fortunately was not hit. The bullet is in possession of his great grandson, Samuel Ludlow7 Thompson, Esq., who resides at Islip. They took with them some of his furniture and carried it on board of a frigate at New York, but he succeeded in having it restored to him after much trouble. Honorable Isaac4 Thompson was the founder of the Presbyterian Church at Babylon. His grandson, David5 Thompson, presented an ancient bell to this church in 1838, which originally hung in a Spanish convent. It had a fine silver tone but was not considered loud enough, and was therefore subsequently sold and replaced by one of American manufacture. Judge Thompson’s wife, Mary Gardiner, was daughter of Colonel Abraham Gardiner of Easthampton. They were married June 4, 1772, and had children, two sons, Jonathan5 and Abraham Gardiner5, both of whom became distinguished citizens of New York City. It is related that after his marriage he brought his wife from Easthampton to Sagtikos on a pillion behind him on his horse.

[page 10] Colonel Gardiner, the father of Mrs. Thompson, was the second son of David Gardiner, fourth Lord of the Manor of Gardiner’s Island; he resided at Easthampton, and was a leading character on Long Island during the war of the Revolution. Colonel Gardiner, as executor, had charge of the manor during the minority of John Lyon Gardiner, the seventh Lord and proprietor, and as Gardiner’s bay was occupied by the British fleet under Admiral Arbuthnot, who obtained from the island nearly all their provisions, his duty to his ward obliged him to be careful in his conduct, so that the "British would not vent their spite against this young gentleman," who was not of age. Nevertheless Colonel Gardiner co-operated with Lieutenant-Colonel Livingston, who commanded the troops on the east end of Long Island, until the town of Easthampton was occupied by a detachment of British soldiers under Sir William Erkine.

Gardiner Manor about 1907As Colonel Gardiner’s house was the finest in Easthampton, it was naturally selected as the headquarters, and he entertained, at different times, Lord Percy, Lord Cathcart, Governor Tryon, Major André, and others. The unfortunate André was a great favorite in the family, and left with them several mementos of friendship; and two of the wineglasses from his camp chest, presented by him to Colonel Gardiner on the eve of his departure in exchange for two of Colonel Gardiner’s, are still preserved in the family, one being the property of Frederick Diodati7 Thompson of Sagtikos Manor, the other of Colonel J. Lyon7 Gardiner of the Manor of Gardiner’s Island. [Image of Gardiner Manor from In Olde New York by Charles Burr Todd, Grafton Press, 1907]

Dr. Nathaniel Gardiner, son of Colonel Gardiner, who studied medicine under the celebrated Drs. Shippen and Rush of Philadelphia, severed in the was as surgeon in the First New Hampshire Regiment.

Colonel Gardiner married Mary Smith, {footnote} a descendant of Richard Smith of Smithtown. Their children were: 1st Rachel, married Colonel David Mulford and afterward John Gardiner, of the manor of Eaton’s Neck.

2d, Dr. Nathaniel, married Eliza Dering (the Derings were one of the best families of the County of Kent, England).

3d, Mary, married Judge Thompson.

4th, Captain Abraham of the Militia (which title he went by to distinguish him from his father), married Phoebe Dayton. He had children: Abraham S. (married Abby Lee, and left descendants mention in note on Nicoll family); Mary (married Philip G. Van Wyck, a grandson of General Van Cortlandt, of the manor, and had: Joanna; Cortlandt, died unmarried, a midshipman United States Navy; Eliza, married William Van Ness Livingston; Pierre C.; and Anna Van Rensellaer, married Judge Alexander Wells—their daughter, Gertrude Van Cortlandt, married Schuyler Hamilton); David (married Juliana McLachlan of Jamaica, West Indies, whose grandfather commanded the united clans of McLachlan and McLean at the battle of Culloden, Scotland, and was beheaded for treason). The children of David were: Julia (who married John Tyler, President of the United States, and had children—David Gardiner; John Alexander, who was decorated by the Emperor of Germany for bravery on the field of battle in the Franco-German war; Lyon [page 11] G., President of William and Mary College, Virginia; Lachlan; Fitzwalter; Julia, who married ____ Spencer, Esq., of Geneseo; and Margaret, who married, November 13, 1884, Honorable William Mumford Ellis, Speaker of the House of Delegates, Virginia); Alexander (died unmarried, Clerk of the United States Circuit Court, N. Y.); Margaret (married John Beeckman, and had one child, Henry, who was killed by a fall from his hours in Virginia, August 4, 1875; Mr. Beekman was killed by the accidental discharge of his gun while shooting; Mr. Beekman’s mother was a Livingston; and Colonel David Lion who married his cousin Sarah Gardiner7, daughter of David6 Thompson, and has David, Sarah Diodati, and Robert Alexander, B. A. Yale 1887). Samuel S. son of Captain Abraham, married Mary, daughter of Hon. Ezra L’Hommedieu, a member of Congress, and a descendant of the Sylvester family, of Shelter Island. [He had Mary (who married Professor Eben N. Horsford of Harvard University); Phoebe (who also married Professor Horsford after the death of her sister Mary); Frances (who married Professor George Martin Lane of Harvard University, and had children—Gardiner; a daughter, Louisa Greenough, who married Bayard Van Rensselaer of Albany; and Katharine Ward, who died 1893).]

Nathaniel, son of Captain Abraham, married Eliza Francis, and had John B., William H., and Eliza, married Dr. I. Hartshorne.

Dr. Nathaniel, son of Colonel Gardiner, had two children, Robert S. who died unmarried, and Eliza P. who married Reuben Brumley, and died without children.

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